Can maternity benefits have long-term effects on childbearing? Evidence from Soviet Russia

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper quantifies the effects of Russia's 1981 expansion in maternity benefits on completed childbearing. The program provided one year of partially paid parental leave and a small cash transfer upon a child's birth. I exploit the program's two-stage implementation and find evidence that women had more children as a result of the program. Fertility rates rose immediately by 8.2% over twelve months. The increase in fertility rates not only persisted for the ten-year duration of the program, but it reflected large increases in higher-order births to older women who already had children before the program started.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-703
Number of pages13
JournalReview of Economics and Statistics
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics

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