Can Raman Shift Be Used to Characterize the Mechanical Property of Graphene?

Kathleen L. Yang, Jeong Oen Lee, Hyuck Choo, Fuqian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Graphene has potential in a variety of applications, including strain-engineering electronics and sensors. In the heart of these applications is the strain dependence of electronic properties associated to the strain-induced Raman shift of graphene. In this work, we extend the relationship between the Raman shift of strained graphene and the mechanical strains for uniaxial tension to three-dimensional strain state and analyze the bending-induced Raman shift of orthotropic, monolayer graphene of rectangular and elliptic shapes, respectively, under the action of uniform pressure. The results show that the largest Raman redshift is present at the center of the graphene for both geometric configurations, and there exists Raman blueshift near the edges of the graphene. For both geometrical configurations, the contours of the Raman shift around the center are present in the shape of ellipse, which is dependent on the boundary conditions and geometrical configurations of the graphene. The geometric shape of the contours of the Raman shift likely cannot represent the anisotropic behavior in the mechanical deformation of graphene, and the initial state and constitutive relationship of graphene are needed to characterize the mechanical property of graphene via the strain-induced Raman shift.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24467-24474
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 25 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
K.L.Y. is grateful for the support of Soli Deo Gloria Fellowship through the SURF program at California Institute of Technology. F.Y. is grateful for the support by the NSF through the grant CMMI-1634540, monitored by Dr. Khershed Cooper.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy (all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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