Reliable capacitation of equine spermatozoa has been a major obstacle in the development of equine in vitro fertilization. Experiments were done to compare in vitro capacitation of equine spermatozoa by use of heparin/caffeine, calcium ionophore, uterine tube epithelial cell (UTEC)-conditioned medium, and direct culturing of spermatozoa with UTEC (coculturing). Capacitation-like changes, as determined by chlortetracycline membrane staining patterns, developed with UTEC-conditioned medium and coculturing, equivalent to that with calcium ionophore. Both of these treatments induced more (P < 0.05) capacitation-like changes than did the control, a modified Tyrode's medium. More (P < 0.05) spermatozoa were viable after 24 hours of UTEC coculturing than in the control incubation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Veterinary Research|
|State||Published - Sep 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Veterinary (all)