Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to compare immunoprecipitated, radiolabeled HLA-DR molecules synthesized by alveolar macrophages (AM) and blood monocytes (BM) of the same healthy, nonsmoking volunteers. No charge differences were noted by isoelectric focusing. Molecular weight analysis of HLA-DR from AM revealed a complex pattern of radioactive spots differing slightly in molecular weight. This pattern was apparent in both the alpha and the beta chains. In contrast, a simpler pattern without the slight molecular weight differences was noted in HLA-DR from BM. The differences were eliminated by labeling AM and BM in the presence of tunicamycin, a specific inhibitor of protein-carbohydrate linkages of the N-glycosidic type. Thus, it appears that neutral, N-linked carbohydrate moieties account for the differences in HLA-DR molecules between AM and BM. The differential glycosylation of HLA-DR molecules in AM and BM may relate to mononuclear phagocyte development as well as antigen-presenting function.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Review of Respiratory Disease|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine