Carbon nanotubes: Synthesis, properties, and applications

Susan B. Sinnott, Rodney Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

293 Scopus citations


The goal of this article is to provide an updated and in-depth review of some of the most exciting and important developments in the processing and properties of carbon nanotubes. Nanotubes can be formed in various structures using several different processing methods. The synthesis methods used to produce specific kinds of nanotubes are discussed and a comparison is made between the methods used by researchers and industrial producers. This is followed by an overview and discussion of what makes carbon nanotubes interesting to so many: their mechanical, chemical, electrical, thermal, and optical properties. The article ends with a discussion of the future outlook for the study of carbon nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCritical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank our colleagues Boris Ni, Zugang Mao, David Jacques, Terry Rantell, Rolando Gonzalez, Dali Qian, Elizabeth Dickey, and A.M. Rao for their assistance in preparing this article. We also thank the many authors and publishers who graciously gave us permission to reproduce their figures. Finally, we gratefully acknowledge the support of the NASA Ames Research Center, the Center for Applied Energy Research and the Advanced Carbon Materials Center at the University of Kentucky, which is funded through the NSF MRSEC program (DMR 9809686).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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