Cardiac repair with adult bone marrow-derived cells: The clinical evidence

Buddhadeb Dawn, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Santosh K. Sanganalmath, Michael P. Flaherty, Ewa K. Zuba-surma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


On the basis of strong evidence from animal studies, numerous clinical trials of cardiac repair with adult bone marrow-derived cells (BMC) have been completed. These relatively smaller studies employed different BMC types with highly variable numbers, routes, and timings of transplantation, and included patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), chronic ischemic heart disease (IHD), as well as ischemic cardiomyopathy. Although the outcomes have been predictably disparate, analysis of pooled data indicates that BMC therapy in patients with acute MI and chronic IHD results in modest improvements in left ventricular function and infarct scar size without any increase in untoward effects. However, the precise mechanisms underlying these benefits remain to be ascertained, and the specific advantages of one BMC type over another remain to be determined. The long-term benefit and safety issues with different BMC types are currently being evaluated critically in larger randomized controlled trials with a view to applying this novel therapeutic strategy to broader patient populations. The purpose of this review is to summarize the available clinical evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of therapeutic cardiac repair with different types of adult BMCs, and to discuss the key variables that need optimization to further enhance the benefits of BMC therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1865-1882
Number of pages18
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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