Casimir effect in a one-dimensional gas of free fermions

Eugene B. Kolomeisky, Joseph P. Straley, Michael Timmins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


We compute an analog Casimir effect in a one-dimensional spinless Luttinger liquid confined to a segment in the presence of a nearly impenetrable partition dividing the segment into two compartments. The Casimir interaction is found to be a bounded piecewise-continuous oscillatory function whose maxima are points of force discontinuity and correspond to resonant tunneling across the partition. The well-known regularization-based results are reproduced by the lower envelope of this function, which corresponds to an approximation that ignores the rather large oscillations due to particle discreteness. These macroscopic conclusions are tested and confirmed via a rigorous analysis of the Casimir effect in an exactly-solvable model of a one-dimensional nonrelativistic spinless gas of free fermions. Additionally we confirm the result of a recent calculation which employed an effective low-energy theory with a cutoff to find the Casimir interaction between two strong well-separated impurities placed in a Luttinger liquid.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022104
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 12 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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