We calculate the increase in the number of modes (the Kac number) per unit length and the change in the zero-point energy (the Casimir energy) of the electromagnetic field resulting from the introduction of a thin, perfectly conducting cylindrical shell of elliptical cross section. Along the way we give a route to the calculation of these physical quantities. The Casimir energy is found to be attractive with the circular case corresponding to the energy maximum and the large eccentricity limit being the divergent energy minimum. As a result, with only Casimir stresses present, a fixed-area shell is unstable and might collapse onto itself. This instability is argued to persist at arbitrary temperature.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Feb 13 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics