Catalytic deoxygenation of triglycerides and fatty acids to hydrocarbons over Ni-Al layered double hydroxide

Eduardo Santillan-Jimenez, Tonya Morgan, Jaime Shoup, Anne E. Harman-Ware, Mark Crocker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

The conversion of fatty acids and triglycerides to fuel-like hydrocarbons was investigated over a Ni-Al layered double hydroxide catalyst and over 20% Ni/Al2O3 for comparison purposes. Both catalytic performance and the extent of catalyst fouling were found to show a marked dependence on the hydrogen partial pressure used during reaction and on the Ni-specific surface area of the catalyst employed. The amenability of a representative spent catalyst to regeneration via calcination in air was also demonstrated. The regenerated catalyst was observed to outperform the fresh formulation when tested for activity in the conversion of lipids to fuel-like hydrocarbons. This is attributed to the formation of strong basic sites - which are capable of catalyzing the deoxygenation of lipids - during the regeneration process. The fact that inexpensive Ni-based catalysts capable of affording good yields of fuel-like hydrocarbons can be regenerated by treatment in hot air makes these formulations interesting from an industrial standpoint. Results suggest that the conversion of triglycerides to fuel-like hydrocarbons is intermediated by fatty acids and that the conversion of fatty acids - either as the reaction feed or as reaction intermediates - to hydrocarbons proceeds via aldehyde and/or fatty acid ester intermediates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-144
Number of pages9
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume237
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Decarboxylation
  • Deoxygenation
  • Fatty acid
  • Layered double hydroxide
  • Nickel
  • Triglyceride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry

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