Catalytic pyrolysis of bamboo in a bubbling fluidized-bed reactor with two different catalysts: HZSM-5 and red mud for upgrading bio-oil

Hoang Vu Ly, Jeong Woo Park, Seung Soo Kim, Hyun Tae Hwang, Jinsoo Kim, Hee Chul Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bamboo has been considered a potential feedstock of energy for the future. It can be subjected to the pyrolysis for biofuels production. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) combined with differential thermogravimetric analysis (DTG) for bamboo was carried out prior to pyrolysis. The thermal degradation of bamboo was mainly between 230 and 420 °C. The conventional pyrolysis of bamboo was investigated in a bubbling fluidized-bed reactor using silica sand. The product distribution and composition of pyrolysis bio-oil were dependent on biomass component and operating conditions such as pyrolysis temperature, fluidization velocity, and particle size of biomass. The fractional catalytic pyrolysis of bamboo was also studied to upgrade the pyrolysis vapor, using HZSM-5 and red mud. The highest yield of bio-oil was 54.03 wt% compared to 49.14 wt% and 50.34 wt% of HZSM-5 and red mud catalyst, respectively. In the red mud catalytic pyrolysis, the oxygen content was rejected from pyrolysis vapor mostly via decarboxylation to produce more CO2 than CO; in contrast, for the HZSM-5 catalytic pyrolysis, the production of CO through decarbonylation was more favored than CO2. The main composition of catalytic pyrolysis bio-oil was 4-vinylphenol, which was employed as a raw material source to synthesize valuable material for energy storage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1434-1445
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume149
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Bamboo
  • Bubbling fluidized-bed reactor
  • Fractional catalytic pyrolysis
  • HZSM-5
  • Red mud

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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