Sepsis is a leading cause of death, which is characterized by uncontrolled inflammatory response. In this study, we report that caveolin-1, a major component of caveolae, is a critical survival factor of sepsis. We induced sepsis using a well established sepsis animal model, cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). CLP induced 67% fatality in caveolin-1 null mice, but only 27% fatality in wild type littermates (p = 0.015). Further studies revealed that mice deficient in caveolin-1 exhibited marked increase in tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 production 20 h following CLP treatment, indicating uncontrolled inflammatory responses in the absence of caveolin-1. Caveolin-1 null mice also had a significant increase in bacteria number recovered from liver and spleen, indicating elevated bacterial burdens. In addition, caveolin-1 null mice had a 2-fold increase in thymocyte apoptosis compared with wild type littermates, indicating caveolin-1 as a critical modulator of thymocyte apoptosis during sepsis. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that caveolin-1 is a critical protective modulator of sepsis in mice. Caveolin-1 exerts its protective function likely through its roles in modulating inflammatory response, alleviating bacterial burdens, and suppressing thymocyte apoptosis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Aug 13 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology