The accumulation of G1 cell cycle-related proteins by resting or cycling B cells stimulated with B cell antigen receptor (BCR)- and T helper (Th) cell-derived signals is documented. Resting B cells constitutively express cyclin dependent kinase (cdk)4, cdk2 and the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI), p27. The initiation of optimal proliferation with F(ab')2 anti-μ plus paraformaldehyde-fixed CD40 ligand-baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells (CD40L/Sf9 cells) increases accumulation of both cdk4 and cdk2 while decreasing p27 levels. B cells express cyclin D2 early during cycle progression, while cyclin D3 and E are not expressed until 18 h poststimulation and cyclin A by 24 h poststimulation. Cycling B cells express heightened levels of all these cyclins and cdks. Although neither BCR-nor CD40-mediated signals appreciably alter cycling B cell accumulation of cyclins D2, cdk4 and cdk2, the absence of BCR-derived signals results in a decreased accumulation of cyclins D3 and E. Finally, CD40-mediated signals induce resting B cells to accumulate the CKI, p21, while cycling B cells require both BCR- and CD40-mediated signals to maintain increased expression of p21. Thus, a Th cell-derived signal may impact upon both resting and cycling B cell cycle progression, at least in part, by regulating the accumulation of p21. The functional consequences of p21 accumulation as cells enter and move through the cell cycle are discussed.
|Number of pages||14|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1998|
- Cyclin dependent kinase
- Cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors
- G Cyclins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology