Ceftazidime versus Tobramycin/Ticarcillin in Treating Hospital Acquired Pneumonia and Bacteremia

Robert P. Rapp, Byron Young, Thomas S. Foster, Phillip A. Tibbs, Welton O'Neal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thirty‐five patients in a neurosurgical intensive care unit who had nosocomial pneumonia and bacteremia were randomly assigned to receive either ceftazidime (Cef) or the combination of ticarcillin and pharmacokinetically adjusted doses of tobramycin (T/T). Fifteen of 17 patients (88%) who received Cef were cured or improved compared to 15 of 18 (83%) who received T/T. The original pathogen was eradicated from the respiratory secretion in 10 of 15 patients receiving Cef compared to only 6 of 18 patients receiving T/T (p = 0.12). All patients in both treatment groups who had positive blood cultures cleared the organism from the bloodstream. No cases of drug toxicity, including renal toxicity, were seen in either group. Cef used as a single agent in nosocomial pneumonias and bacteremias performed at least as well as T/T. 1984 Pharmacotherapy Publications Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-215
Number of pages5
JournalPharmacotherapy
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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