The immune responses of C3Hf mice to syngeneic fibrosarcomas induced with either ultraviolet light or methychlolanthrene (MCA) were measured in vitro by the ability of cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL) from immunized animals to kill 51Cr-labeled tumor targets in a 6-hr assay. The CTL were generated by the in vitro culturing of draining popliteal lymph node (DLN) cells derived from animals that were footpad immunized 8 days previously. It was determined that CTL activity could be generated using DLN from both normal (uv tumorresistant) and uv-exposed (uv tumor-susceptible) C3H mice. The kinetics of CTL generation between these two groups, however, was different in that the lymphocytes from normal animals appeared to differentiate into CTL faster than the lymphocytes from the uv-irradiated mice. The in vitro generation of CTL activity was found to be extremely radiosensitive and was also inhibited by the presence of viable tumor cells within the cell culture. Once generated, it was observed that the CTL were extremely insensitive to the effects of gamma irradiation. It was also established that the CTL is a T lymphocyte that appears to be Ia-. The CTL derived from mice immunized to syngeneic uv- or MCA-induced tumors were capable of expressing cross-reactive non-MHC-restricted killing of multiple tumor targets. Cold cell inhibition experiments confirmed the presence of cross-reactive determinants on various tumors and also established the presence within a single CTL preparation of effector cells with specificity for both the unique tumor specific transplantation antigens as well as the common (cross-reactive) tumor-associated antigens.
|Number of pages||17|
|State||Published - Jul 1979|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
i This investigation was supported by Grant No. CA 2212602, awarded by the National Cancer Institute, DHEW, and Grant No. IM-156 awarded by the American Cancer Society. * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
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