A primary in vitro sensitization system employing a chromium release assay was utilized to investigate reactivity of murine spleen cells toward syngeneic ultraviolet (uv) light induced fibrosarcomas. These tumors are immunologically rejected in vivo when implanted into normal syngeneic mice but grow progressivly when implanted into syngeneic mice that had previously been irradiated with subcarcinogenic levels of uv light. Following appropriate sensitization, spleen cells from both normal and uv irradiated mice are capable of developing cytotoxic lymphocytes in vitro against the uv induced tumors. It was subsequently discovered that in situ uv induced tumors all contained macrophages of host origin that became demonstrable only after enzymatic dissociation of the tumor tissue. These macrophages were immunologically active in vitro as their presence in the stimulator cell population was necessary to achieve an optimum anti-tumor cytotoxic response following in vitro sensitization. Anti-tumor reactivity generated by mixing spleen cells and tumor cells in the absence of tumor derived macrophages could be greatly enhanced by the addition of normal syngeneic peritoneal macrophages. When in vitro anti-tumor reactivity of spleen cells from normal and uv treated mice was compared under these conditions we again found no significant difference in the magnitude of the responses. In addition, the cytotoxic cells generated in response to uv induced tumors appeared to be highly cross reactive with respect to their killing potential. Cross reactive killing was observed between all uv induced tumors tested as well as with a syngeneic benz[a]pyrene (BP) induced fibrosarcoma. No cytotoxicity was observed against normal syngeneic PEC's even through these cells were shown to be susceptible to lysis by anti-H-2k effector cells. It was concluded that: (a) A significant number of host-derived macrophages are present in uv tumor tissue. (b) These macrophages are important for the in vitro generation of tumor specific cytotoxicity. (c) Spleen cells from uv treated mice are capable of recognizing and responding against uv tumor associated antigens in vitro. Cytotoxic effector cells generated in response to uv induced tumors appear to have specificity for tumor associated antigens (TAA) present on all uv tumors tested as well as a syngeneic BP induced tumor. The relationship between in vivo and in vitro reactivity against uv tumors is discussed.
|Number of pages||16|
|State||Published - Dec 1978|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
1 This investigation was supported by Grant Number CA22126-01, awarded Cancer Institute, DHEW. 2 Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
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