Cellular immune responses of jirds to extracts of life cycle stages and adult excretory secretory products during the early development of Brugia pahangi

U. R. Rao, Carmen Nasarre, Sharon U. Coleman, Mona Bakeer, Vida A. Dennis, David W. Horohov, Thomas R. Klei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The Brugia-jird model of lymphatic filariasis was used to examine the induction of cellular immune responses during the early premicrofilaremic phases of the infection. The intensity of the pulmonary granulomatous inflammatory response (PGRN) was determined by measuring granuloma areas around Sepharose beads coated with parasite extracts which were embolized in the lungs of jirds prior to necropsy. Necropsies were performed at 7, 14, 28, 56, and 150 days postinfection (DPI). These time points correspond to specific developmental changes in the life cycle. Lymphocyte blastogenesis assays were performed using cells from draining renal lymph nodes and splenocytes at 14 and 150 DPI. Soluble extracts of third stage larvae (L3), fourth stage larvae (L4), adult females, adult males, microfilariae (MF), and excretory secretory products (ES) of males and females were used in both measurements of cellular responsiveness. A marked granulomatous response to parasite extracts peaked at 7 DPI or 14 DPI followed by a gradual decrease to a hyporesponsive state at 120 DPI. The response of renal lymph node cells also was significantly elevated at 14 DPI and significantly decreased at > 150 DPI. The splenocyte responses were erratic and did not follow this pattern. Significant differences in PGRN responses to somatic extract preparations were not seen during the early stages of the infection (7, 14, 28 DPI), but those to MF and L3 were significantly less at 56 and 120 DPI. Although PGRN responses to ES followed a similar pattern, these were less than those to the somatic extract. The data indicated that a rapid, intense cell-mediated inflammatory response is induced early during a primary infection and that this response is rapidly downregulated. This downregulation begins prior to the maturation of adult parasites and microfilarial production. The early phase of the cellular response appears to be compartmentalized in that this response was consistently observed in the renal lymph nodes but not in the spleen. Soluble protein components of the parasites responsible for these responses are likely multiple and shared by all life cycle stages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-266
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Parasitology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1996

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the U.S. Public Health service (AI-19199). We thank Melanie R. Chapman for skillful assistance.


  • Antibody
  • Brugia malayi
  • Brugia pahangi
  • Eosinophils
  • Filariasis
  • Granulomas
  • Immune response
  • Macrophages
  • Neutrophils
  • Pathology
  • Soluble extracts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


Dive into the research topics of 'Cellular immune responses of jirds to extracts of life cycle stages and adult excretory secretory products during the early development of Brugia pahangi'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this