Reproductive steroids testosterone (T) and estrone sulfate (E1S) are used as diagnostic markers for cryptorchidism in horses. The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation test is used as a diagnostic aid because administration of this hormone results in greater incremental differences in circulating steroid concentrations. Thoughts regarding optimal sampling times following hCG administration, however, are inconsistent. Additionally, determination of half-life of these steroids is important in postsurgical samples to confirm complete removal of testicular tissue. Objectives of this study, therefore, were to determine optimal sampling periods for peak T and E1S after hCG administration and half-life of these steroids after castration. Eight pony stallions were randomly assigned to control or treatment groups (5000 IU hCG). Blood samples were collected following hCG administration. Subsequently, stallions were castrated and blood samples were collected post-castration. The T concentrations were greatest at 72 h after hCG and were greater (P < 0.02) in samples from hCG-treated than control animals: 9,903.4 ± 384 and 784.0 ± 192 pg/mL, respectively (Mean ± SEM). The T concentrations were also greater at 1, 12, 24, 48 and 96 h. The E1S concentrations did not change after administration of hCG. The T response to hCG administration was biphasic with a maximal response between 48–96 h after administration. Half-lives of T and E1S were 1.1 and 0.7 h, respectively, and concentration of T and E1S was similar to that of geldings at 24 h post-castration, which, therefore, should be considered an optimal time to ensure complete castration has occurred.
|Journal||Animal Reproduction Science|
|State||Published - Feb 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Albert G. Clay Endowment in Equine reproduction and by the Paul Mellon Postdoctoral Scholarship from the Gluck Equine Research Center at the University of Kentucky .
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology