Changes in mate recognition through alterations of pheromones and receptors in the multisexual mushroom fungus Schizophyllum commune

Thomas J. Fowler, Michael F. Mitton, Lisa J. Vaillancourt, Carlene A. Raper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Schizophyllum commune has thousands of mating types defined in part by numerous lipopeptide pheromones and their G-protein-coupled receptors. These molecules are encoded within multiple versions of two redundantly functioning B mating-type loci, Bα and Bβ. Compatible combinations of pheromones and receptors, produced by individuals of different B mating types, trigger a pathway of fertilization required for sexual development. Analysis of the Bβ2 mating-type locus revealed a large cluster of genes encoding a single pheromone receptor and eight different pheromones. Phenotypic effects of mutations within these genes indicated that small changes in both types of molecules could significantly alter their specificity of interaction. For example, a conservative amino acid substitution in a pheromone resulted in a gain of function toward one receptor and a loss of function with another. A two-amino-acid deletion from a receptor precluded the mutant pheromone from activating the mutant receptor, yet this receptor was activated by other pheromones. Sequence comparisons provided clues toward understanding how so many variants of these multigenic loci could have evolved through duplication and mutational divergence. A three-step model for the origin of new variants comparable to those found in nature is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1491-1503
Number of pages13
JournalGenetics
Volume158
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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