Changes in soil mineralogy due to nitrogen fertilization in an agroecosystem

Christopher J. Matocha, John H. Grove, Tasios D. Karathanasis, Martin Vandiviere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Additions of nitrogen (N) fertilizer to surface soil can trigger a wide array of complex effects, including changes in soil chemical, physical, and microbial properties which impact both the nitrogen and carbon cycles. While abundant literature exists regarding the influence of N amendments on processes and properties influencing the soil carbon cycle, there is little recognition given to potential changes in soil mineralogy. We collected surface soil (Maury silt loam, Typic Paleudalf) from a long-term agroecosystem under no-tillage management which has received annual inorganic N additions (0, 168, 336kgNha-1) for 34years and characterized the soil mineralogy and other relevant properties. With recent liming, N fertilizer addition was associated with only slight changes in soil pH and the suite of exchangeable cations. Silt mineralogy was not influenced by N, but x-ray diffraction found changes in the clay fraction. The clay mineral assemblage in the control (0kgNha-1) is complex, comprised of layers of pedogenic chlorite, vermiculite, hydroxy-interlayered vermiculite, mixed-layer chlorite-vermiculite, illite, kaolinite, and quartz. Fertilizer N additions resulted in a 3- and 3.3-fold decrease in the 1.4nm/1.0nm peak area ratios for Mg-clay slides in the 168 and 336kgNha-1 treatments. This decrease is likely due in part to fixation of NH4+ in vermiculite layers, corroborated by increases in the intensity of the infrared (IR) band at 1430cm-1 (assigned to the NH bending mode of NH4+) with added N. The role of biota emerged as shown by a negative relationship between water-soluble oxalate concentrations and the 1.4nm/1.0nm peak area ratios (r=0.56, P=0.06). Past acidification due to nitrification of added NH4+ which occurred prior to liming might have played a role in weathering of pH-sensitive minerals such as chlorite. Our findings raise questions about the capacity of reactive 2:1 mineral layers to fix NH4+ and how this is moderated by biota in no-till agroecosystems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-184
Number of pages9
JournalGeoderma
Volume263
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Clay minerals
  • Fixed ammonium
  • Nitrogen fertilizer
  • No-tillage
  • Vermiculite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

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