Characteristics of copper indium diselenide nanowires embedded in porous alumina templates

Piao Liu, Vijay P. Singh, Suresh Rajaputra, Sovaimary Phok, Zhi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Vertically aligned nanowire arrays of copper indium diselenide (CuInSe 2 or CIS) of controllable diameter and length were fabricated by simultaneously electrodepositing Cu, In, and Se from an acid bath into the pores of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) formed on top of an aluminum sheet. X-ray diffraction measurements revealed a preferential [112] orientation and the energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDX) measurements indicated an overall composition close to stoichiometric CuInSe2. Ohmic contact to CIS was formed by depositing a 100 nm thick of gold layer on top, and thus a Schottky diode device of the Au/CIS nanowires/Al configuration was obtained. Analysis of the currentvoltage characteristics of these devices yielded diode ideality factor and reverse saturate current density values slightly higher than those reported in the literature for bulk CIS/Al junctions. Capacitance-voltage measurements were performed on the diodes to get the estimates of space charge density and the junction potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by grants from National Science Foundation [NSF-NIRT-ECS-0609064, NSF-EPSCoR (EPS-0447479)] and Kentucky Science and Engineering Foundation (KSEF-148-502-02-27 and KSEF-148-502-03-68).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Characteristics of copper indium diselenide nanowires embedded in porous alumina templates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this