Characterization of Foreign-Born vs. Native-Born Worker Fatalities in Kentucky, 2001–2014

Yailet Cruz, Terry Lee Bunn, Nancy Hanner, Svetla Slavova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001–2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%). Enhanced FBW cultural competent interventions and policies are needed to prevent FBW occupational injuries, and improve FBW workplace safety and health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-455
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


  • Construction
  • Foreign-born
  • Native-born
  • Semi truck
  • Transportation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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