Characterization of the oregon isolate of Neospora hughesi from a horse

J. P. Dubey, S. Liddell, D. Mattson, C. A. Speer, D. K. Howe, M. C. Jenkins

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53 Scopus citations


Neospora hughesi was isolated in cell cultures inoculated with homogenate of spinal cord from a horse in Oregon. Tachyzoites of this Oregon isolate of N. hughesi were maintained continuously by cell culture passage and tachyzoites were infective to immunosuppressed mice. Gamma interferon gene knockout (KO) mice injected with tachyzoites developed fatal myocarditis and numerous tachyzoites were seen in lesions. Gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) inoculated with tachyzoites developed antibodies (≥1:500) as indicated by the Neospora caninum agglutination test but did not develop clinical signs, and Neospora organisms were not demonstrable in their tissues. Tissue cysts were not found in gerbils, nude mice, KO mice, immunosuppressed outbred Swiss Webster mice, or BALB/c mice injected with the Oregon isolate of N. hughesi. Ultrastructurally, tachyzoites of the Oregon isolate from the myocardium of infected KO mice and from cell culture were similar to N. caninum tachyzoites. Western blot analysis using NcSAGI and NcSRS2 polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies and characterization of the internal transcribed spacer 1 sequences from the equine isolates and different isolates of N. caninum from dogs and cattle indicated that the Oregon isolate of N. hughesi is distinct from N. caninum isolates from cattle and dogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-353
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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