Characterization of the REST/NRSF-interacting LIM domain protein (RILP): Localization and interaction with REST/NRSF

Masahito Shimojo, Louis B. Hersh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We previously identified a nuclear envelope protein repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST)/neuron-restrictive silencer factor (NRSF)q3-interacting Lin-11, Isl-1 and Mec-3 (LIM)q4 domain protein (RILP) that we proposed functions in the nuclear translocation of the transcriptional repressor REST/NRSF. In this study we assessed the functionality of the prenylation motif, protein kinase A (PKA) phosphorylation sites and nuclear localization sequences (NLSs) of RILP. [3H]-mevalonolactone labeled endogenous RILP, showing that RILP is indeed prenylated, while phosphorylation analysis showed that the two PKA sites are phosphorylated. Blocking RILP prenylation, mutating the NLSs or mutating the PKA phosphorylation sites caused RILP to mislocalize to the cytosol. Concurrent with this mislocalization of RILP, REST/NRSF and REST4, which are normally found in the nucleus, co-localized in the cytosol with the RILP mutants. This provides additional evidence that RILP interacts with REST/NRSF and REST4 in vivo, and is involved in the nuclear localization of REST/NRSF and REST4. Reporter gene analysis using the promoter region of the human cholinergic gene locus revealed that these RILP mutants prevented repression of the reporter gene. By trapping REST/NRSF in the cytosol, the RILP mutants prevented translocation to the nucleus where REST/NRSF binds to an RE-1/NRSE element to repress gene transcription. These results show that RILP is required for REST/NRSF nuclear targeting and function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1130-1138
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Cholinergic
  • Development
  • Localization
  • Repression
  • Repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor/ neuron-restrictive silencer factor
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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