Chemistry model for ablating carbon-phenolic material during atmospheric re-entry

Alexandre Martin, Iain D. Boyd, Ioana Cozmuta, Michael J. Wright

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent and future re-entry vehicle designs, such as the CEV, use ablative material as the main component of the heat shield of their thermal protection system. In order to properly predict the behavior of the vehicle, it is imperative to take into account the gases produced by the ablation process when modeling the reacting flow environment. In the case of charring ablators, where an inner resin is pyrolyzed at a relatively low temperature, the composition of the gas expelled in the boundary layer is complex and might lead to thermal chemical reactions that cannot be captured with simple flow chemistry models. In order to obtain better predictions, a proper gas flow chemistry model needs to be included in the CFD calculations. The present paper proposes an extensive set of reactions that are relevant to carbon-phenolic ablators, such as PICA, the ablative material that was used on the Stardust return capsule and that will be used on the entry vehicle of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL).

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2010
Event48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Jan 4 2010Jan 7 2010

Conference

Conference48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period1/4/101/7/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

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