Childhood Sleep Functioning as a Developmental Precursor of Adolescent Adjustment Problems

Gabriela Ksinan Jiskrova, Alexander T. Vazsonyi, Jana Klánová, Ladislav Dušek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sleep has been linked to adjustment difficulties in both children and adolescents; yet little is known about the long-term impact of childhood sleep on subsequent development. This study tested whether childhood sleep problems, sleep quantity, and chronotype predicted internalizing and externalizing problems during adolescence. Latent Growth Modeling using the Czech portion of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (N = 4393) was utilized to test the developmental trajectories of sleep characteristics (from 1.5 to 7 years) as predictors of adjustment problems trajectories (from 11 to 18 years). Findings provided evidence that children with higher levels of sleep problems at 1.5 years (and throughout childhood) reported higher levels of internalizing and externalizing problems at age 11. Additionally, greater eveningness at age 1.5 predicted a greater increase in externalizing problems from ages 11 to 18 years. The results emphasize the importance of childhood sleep problems in evaluating the risk of future adjustment difficulties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-253
Number of pages15
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The ELSPAC study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (LM2015051 and CZ.02.1.01/.0/.0/15_003/0000469).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Adolescent adjustment
  • Externalizing problems
  • Internalizing problems
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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