Sleep has been linked to adjustment difficulties in both children and adolescents; yet little is known about the long-term impact of childhood sleep on subsequent development. This study tested whether childhood sleep problems, sleep quantity, and chronotype predicted internalizing and externalizing problems during adolescence. Latent Growth Modeling using the Czech portion of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (N = 4393) was utilized to test the developmental trajectories of sleep characteristics (from 1.5 to 7 years) as predictors of adjustment problems trajectories (from 11 to 18 years). Findings provided evidence that children with higher levels of sleep problems at 1.5 years (and throughout childhood) reported higher levels of internalizing and externalizing problems at age 11. Additionally, greater eveningness at age 1.5 predicted a greater increase in externalizing problems from ages 11 to 18 years. The results emphasize the importance of childhood sleep problems in evaluating the risk of future adjustment difficulties.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Child Psychiatry and Human Development|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The ELSPAC study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (LM2015051 and CZ.02.1.01/.0/.0/15_003/0000469).
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
- Adolescent adjustment
- Externalizing problems
- Internalizing problems
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health