Chromium yeast affect growth performance and plasma traits but not carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs depending on the glycemic index

A. Lemme, C. Wenk, M. Lindemann, G. Bee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Forty Swiss Large White pigs (barrows with 31.7 kg initial to 103.7 kg final BW) were equally and randomly assigned to one of four treatments (H0, H200, L0, L200) involving a combination of chromium supplementation (0 or 200 μg/kg) and glycemic index (high GI (H) or low GI (L)). Growth performance, energy and protein digestibility, carcass composition, and some plasma traits were investigated. The data indicated, that the substitution of dietary carbohydrates with fat and crude fibre (low GI) resulted in lower growth performance due to impaired energy digestibility. Moreover, the strong stimulation of insulin secretion due to the high and rapid availability of carbohydrates of the diets H0 and H200 caused increased carcass fat deposition. Chromium supplementation also affected plasma insulin and glucagon concentrations. Depending on glycemic index, chromium affected the growth performance. Daily gain was reduced in pigs of the L200 treatment compared to the L0 group. This finding indicated that the energy availability expressed as GI is one of several nutritional factors, which determine the efficacy of dietary chromium. We could not corroborate evidences that dietary chromium modifies the chemical composition of the whole carcass, but depending on GI, chemical composition of the longissimus muscle was affected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-177
Number of pages21
JournalArchives of Animal Nutrition
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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