Chronicity of Stroke Does Not Affect Outcomes of Somatosensory Stimulation Paired With Task-Oriented Motor Training: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial

Cheryl Carrico, Nicholas Annichiarico, Elizabeth Salmon Powell, Philip M Westgate, Lumy Sawaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether chronicity influences outcomes of somatosensory stimulation paired with task-oriented motor training for participants with severe-to-moderate upper extremity hemiparesis.

DESIGN: Spearman correlations were used to retrospectively analyze outcomes of a randomized trial.

SETTING: University research laboratory at a rehabilitation hospital.

PARTICIPANTS: Adults, ranging between 3 and 12 months poststroke (N=55).

INTERVENTIONS: About 18 sessions pairing either 2 hours of active (n=33) or sham (n=22) somatosensory stimulation with 4 hours of intensive task-oriented motor training.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Wolf Motor Function Test (primary), Action Research Arm Test, Stroke Impact Scale, and Fugl-Meyer Assessment were collected as outcome measures. Analyses evaluated whether within-group chronicity correlated with pre-post changes on primary and secondary outcome measures of motor performance.

RESULTS: Both groups exhibited improvements on all outcome measures. No significant correlations between chronicity poststroke and the amount of motor recovery were found.

CONCLUSION: Somatosensory stimulation improved motor recovery compared with sham treatment in cases of severe-to-moderate hemiparesis between 3 and 12 months poststroke; and the extent of recovery did not correlate with baseline levels of stroke chronicity. Future studies should investigate a wider period of inclusion, patterns of corticospinal reorganization, differences between cortical and subcortical strokes, and include long-term follow-up periods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100005
JournalArchives of rehabilitation research and clinical translation
Volume1
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 The Authors.

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