Chrysin inhibits expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α through reducing hypoxia-inducible factor-1α stability and inhibiting its protein synthesis

Beibei Fu, Jing Xue, Zhaodong Li, Xianglin Shi, Bing Hua Jiang, Jing Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chrysin is a natural flavonoid and has been shown recently to have anticancer effects. However, the mechanisms that chrysin inhibits cancers are not well known. In this study, we investigated the effects of chrysin on expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor in human prostate cancer DU145 cells. Chrysin inhibited insulin-induced expression of HIF-1α by reducing its stability. Chrysin increases ubiquitination and degradation of HIF-1α by increasing its prolyl hydroxylation. In addition, chrysin interfered with interaction between HIF-1α and heat shock protein 90. Chrysin was also found to inhibit HIF-1α expression through AKT signaling. Inhibition of HIF-1α by chrysin resulted in abrogation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression. Finally, we showed that chrysin inhibited DU145 xenograft-induced angiogenesis in nude mice. Taken together, these results suggest that chrysin is a potent inhibitor of HIF-1α and provide a new sight into the mechanisms of chrysin against cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Chrysin inhibits expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α through reducing hypoxia-inducible factor-1α stability and inhibiting its protein synthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this