Cleft rhinoplasty study and evolution

Nneamaka Agochukwu-Nwubah, Ashley Boustany, Henry C. Vasconez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Most patients with a cleft lip will have a cleft lip nasal deformity. The nasal deformities are complex and are difficult to surgically correct as a result of the anatomical issues and deficiencies. In this study, the authors analyzed and reviewed nasal pathology and surgical maneuvers in patients with cleft lip nasal deformity treated by the senior author over the past 15 years. Methods: A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent a rhinoplasty for a cleft nasal deformity from the years of 2002 to 2017. Patients were stratified by unilateral and bilateral cleft lip. For each variable, comparisons were made between unilateral and bilateral cases. Results: 39 patients had a unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity, while 17 had a bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity. Patients with a unilateral cleft nasal deformity had a significantly higher incidence of vestibular stenosis and septal deviation. Regarding surgical maneuvers, unilateral cleft lip patients had a relatively higher utilization of septoplasty, spreader grafts, and alar grafts compared to bilateral cleft lip patients. Bilateral cleft lip patients had a relatively higher utilization of dorsal hump reduction, columella strut grafts, and nasal tip grafts. These differences were not statistically significant. Unilateral cleft lip patients had a statistically significant higher use of alveolar support at the time of rhinoplasty. Conclusions: The rhinoplasty operation in patients with cleft lip nasal deformity is uniquely challenging and rewarding. This operation has undergone an evolution in our own practice and has led to improved outcomes for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1430-1434
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.


  • Cleft
  • Cleft rhinoplasty
  • Rhinoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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