Client Outcomes from Rural Substance Abuse Treatment

Matthew L. Hiller, Carl G. Leukefeld, Thomas F. Garrity, Theodore Godlaski, Marlies Schoeneberger, Michael Townsend, Karyn Hascal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Several national evaluations have been conducted since the late 1960s that have assessed the effectiveness of publicly-funded substance abuse treatment in the United States. These studies, however, have focused principally on urban-based treatment programs, and it is unclear whether findings from urban programs can be replicated in outcome studies of programs in rural areas. The current study, therefore, examined the treatment outcomes of clients admitted to one of several short-term inpatient or outpatient drug-free treatment agencies in rural Kentucky. Findings showed that treatment was associated with reductions in drug use and criminality during a six-month follow-up interval. Employment status also improved significantly, and health services utilization was reduced. The similarity between the current findings and findings from national outcome studies of urban-based treatment programs is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-68
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychoactive Drugs
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Drug abuse
  • Inpatient
  • Outcomes
  • Outpatient
  • Rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (all)


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