Clinical models of decision making in addiction

Mikhail N. Koffarnus, Brent A. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

As research on decision making in addiction accumulates, it is increasingly clear that decision-making processes are dysfunctional in addiction and that this dysfunction may be fundamental to the initiation and maintenance of addictive behavior. How drug-dependent individuals value and choose among drug and nondrug rewards is consistently different from non-dependent individuals. The present review focuses on the assessment of decision-making in addiction. We cover the common behavioral tasks that have shown to be fruitful in decision-making research and highlight analytical and graphical considerations, when available, to facilitate comparisons within and among studies. Delay discounting tasks, drug demand tasks, drug choice tasks, the Iowa Gambling Task, and the Balloon Analogue Risk Task are included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-83
Number of pages13
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Balloon Analogue Risk Task
  • Decision-making
  • Delay discounting
  • Drug choice
  • Drug demand
  • Iowa Gambling Task

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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