Elucidation of the regulation of human sodium-iodide symporter (hNIS) gene expression is critical to understanding its effects on iodide concentration abilities of thyroid and thyroid carcinomas. To explore this issue, a 1.2-kb portion of the 5'-flanking region of the hNIS gene was isolated and characterized. Transient transfections with chimeric luciferase- reporter constructs into a differentiated human thyroid cell line, KAT-50, as well as nonthyroidal cells, defined an active promoter with tissue- specificity. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis for hNIS mRNA expression in normal human tissues was positive in thyroid, salivary gland, omentum, and gallbladder. KAT-50 cells expressed hNIS mRNA and were capable of thyrotropin-responsive iodide uptake in vitro. Despite the failure to exhibit iodide concentration in clinical anaplastic carcinoma tumors, 4 of 5 cell lines from this cancer phenotype expressed hNIS mRNA. Definition of the active promoter provides further insights and tools to uncover new approaches to use of radioiodine for therapy of thyroid carcinomas.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism