Co-exposure to PCB126 and PFOS increases biomarkers associated with cardiovascular disease risk and liver injury in mice

Pan Deng, Chunyan Wang, Banrida Wahlang, Travis Sexton, Andrew J. Morris, Bernhard Hennig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)126 and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) are halogenated organic pollutants of high concern. Exposure to these chemicals is ubiquitous, and can lead to potential synergistic adverse effects in individuals exposed to both classes of chemicals. The present study was designed to identify interactions between PCB126 and PFOS that might promote acute changes in inflammatory pathways associated with cardiovascular disease and liver injury. Male C57BL/6 mice were exposed to vehicle, PCB126, PFOS, or a mixture of both pollutants. Plasma and liver samples were collected at 48 h after exposure. Changes in the expression of hepatic genes involved in oxidative stress, inflammation, and atherosclerosis were investigated. Plasma and liver samples was analyzed using untargeted lipidomic method. Hepatic mRNA levels for Nqo1, Icam1, and PAI1 were significantly increased in the mixture-exposed mice. Plasma levels of PAI1, a marker of fibrosis and thrombosis, were also significantly elevated in the mixture-exposed group. Liver injury was observed only in the mixture-exposed mice. Lipidomic analysis revealed that co-exposure to the mixture enhanced hepatic lipid accumulation and elevated oxidized phospholipids levels. In summary, this study shows that acute co-exposure to PCB126 and PFOS in mice results in liver injury and increased cardiovascular disease risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115301
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
StatePublished - Dec 15 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Lipid
  • Liver
  • PCB126
  • PFAS
  • PFOS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology


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