Coal-hosted rare metal deposits: Genetic types, modes of occurrence, and utilization evaluation

Shi Feng Dai, De Yi Ren, Yi Ping Zhou, Vladimir V. Seredin, Da Hua Li, Ming Quan Zhang, James C. Hower, Colin R. Ward, Xi Bo Wang, Lei Zhao, Xiao Lin Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study on rare metals in coal and coal-bearing strata is a hot point issue in the field of coal geology. Rare metals that could be highly-enriched in coal and coal-bearing strata and thus can be industrially utilized include Li, Sc, Ti, V, Ga, Ge, Se, Zr, Nb, Hf, Ta, U, rare earth elements (lanthanides and Y), and noble metals. In this paper, the geological origin, modes of occurrence, and evaluation methods for coal-hosted rare metal deposits including Ge, Ga, U, Nb, rare earth element ore deposits are reviewed. The study on coal-hosted rare metal ore deposits can not only provide important evidence of coal geochemistry and coal mineralogy for coal formation origin, coal-seam correlation, coal basin formation and epigenetic deformation, regional geology-evolution, and sudden geological event, but also are practically significant for the development of coal circular economy, environmental protection during coal utilization, and for the security of national rare metal resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1707-1715
Number of pages9
JournalMeitan Xuebao/Journal of the China Coal Society
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

Keywords

  • Coal
  • Coal-bearing strata
  • Ore deposit
  • Rare metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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