Coercive first intercourse and unintended first births

Corrine M. Williams, Kate M. Brett, Joyce C. Abma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Since research has shown that victims of violence are more likely to be involved in subsequent risky sexual behaviors, we hypothesized that coercive first intercourse would be associated with unintended first births. Using nationally representative data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed female respondents aged 18-44 years who reported a live birth ( n = 4,136). Coercion was classified as none/minimal, mild, or significant based on self-report. In 2002, 13.7% of U.S. women aged 18-44 who had at least one live birth experienced mild coercion and 9.8% experienced significant coercion at first intercourse. Compared with women who experienced no coercion, the odds of reporting an unintended first birth was greater for women who experienced mild (OR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.4-2.6) or significant coercion (OR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.6-3.4).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-363
Number of pages13
JournalViolence and Victims
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Grant No. SFB TR3).


  • Rape
  • Reproductive behavior
  • Sexual violence
  • Unwanted pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law


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