Collection of pancreatic exocrine secretions by formation of a duodenal pouch in cattle.

G. St-Jean, D. L. Harmon, J. P. Peters, N. K. Ames

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12 Scopus citations


Collection of exocrine pancreatic secretions from cattle by use of a single-unit cannula was performed. The major advantage of the cannula was simple technical management. A small pouch of the duodenum into which the major pancreatic duct drains was formed. Continuity of the duodenum was reestablished by end-to-end anastomosis. A side arm of the cannula was inserted into the pouch to collect exocrine secretions, and the main portion of the cannula was placed cranial to the anastomosis to return pancreatic secretions to the small intestine between collection periods. The accessory pancreatic duct was ligated in 2 of 4 cattle to evaluate possible secretory contribution from this source. All cattle remained healthy after cannulation, and cattle gained approximately 100 kg of body weight in the 5 months after surgery. The mean secretory rate for exocrine pancreatic secretion in cattle was 106 +/- 6.8 ml/h. There was no effect of feeding on the pattern of secretion nor were there significant differences between cattle. A fistula formed between the pouch and duodenum approximately 120 days after surgery in the first 2 cattle used. Development of fistulas was prevented for 300 days in subsequently prepared cattle by use of surgical mesh around the cannulas, leading to functional cannulation sites. Preparation of a duodenal pouch appeared useful for long-term studies of pancreatic exocrine secretion in cattle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2377-2380
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary


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