Colorectal cancer screening utilization among breast, cervical, prostate, skin, and lung cancer survivors

Meng Han Tsai, Justin X. Moore, Lorriane A. Odhiambo, Sydney E. Andrzejak, Martha S. Tingen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To examine whether sociodemographic characteristics, access to care, risk behavior factors, and chronic health conditions were associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening utilization among breast, cervical, prostate, skin, and lung cancer survivors. Methods: We analyzed the 2020 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data on 9780 eligible cancer survivors. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models were applied to assess the association between guideline-concordant CRC screening and the mentioned characteristics. Results: Overall, 81.9%, 65%, 88%,78.1%, and 80.1% of breast, cervical, prostate, skin, and lung cancer survivors received CRC screening, respectively (p-value < 0.001). In multivariable analysis, breast, cervical, and skin cancer survivors aged 60 years or older were associated with higher odds of receiving CRC screening. Respondents that had their recency of routine checkup two or more years before had lower odds of having CRC screening among cervical (OR = 0.06; 95% CI, 0.02–0.22), prostate (OR = 0.26; 95% CI, 0.14–0.49), and skin cancer (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.36–0.70) survivors. The presence of chronic diseases was also associated with guideline-concordant CRC screening among breast, prostate, and skin cancer survivors. Conclusions: Our findings provide important evidence on potential factors that are associated with guideline-concordant CRC screening utilization across different cancer survivors, which include older age, recency of routine checkup, and multiple chronic diseases. Moreover, variation in CRC screening utilization across cancer survivors may highlight missed opportunities for secondary cancer prevention. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Establishing clear CRC screening guidelines and including patient-provider communication on recommendation in cancer survivorship care may increase adherence to CRC screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-552
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2022. Springer Nature or its licensor holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Keywords

  • Behavioral risk factors
  • Cancer survivors
  • Colorectal cancer screening
  • Health service factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

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