Coming full cycle: Linking POE findings to design application

Lindsey Fay, Allison Carll-White, James Harrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Purpose: This article illustrates a collaborative, full cycle diagnostic postoccupancy evaluation (POE) conducted in an emergency department (ED) to demonstrate methods of planning a POE, conducting research to capture meaningful data, and applying outcomes through the use of a design charrette. Background: POEs often end with the reporting of findings rather than suggesting how this knowledge feeds forward. A design charrette presents an opportunity to engage with POE evidence and integrate research into practice. Methods: Planning for the POE resulted in a multiphased, multimethodological study. Data collection and analysis utilized objective and subjective measures yielding both qualitative and quantitative data. The design charrette then served as an interactive method to assist design practitioners in both understanding and applying the research findings in the redesign of the entry/triage sequence of the ED. Results: POE findings revealed four key issues impacting the ED experience. These include workflow, communication, privacy and confidentiality, and safety and security. In analyzing the use of the charrette to link POE findings to design application, it was determined that the charrette should include an all-inclusive, collaborative process, easily interpreted evidence, active participant engagement, and feasible outcomes grounded in research. Conclusion: Taking the POE process full cycle is a critical component in bridging the gap between research and its application to design. The charrette process offers a positive mark of completion to the POE and helps participants gain sensitivity to the importance of evidence-based decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-98
Number of pages16
JournalHealth Environments Research and Design Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2016.


  • Charrette
  • Design process
  • Emergency department
  • Evidence-based design
  • Postoccupancy evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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