Communication in virtual environments: The influence of spatial cues and gender on verbal behavior

Jennifer Wu, Erica Mattingly, Philipp Kraemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Abstract As communication technologies continue to evolve, more people will engage in virtual social interactions. With this trend comes an increasing need for research on behavior within virtual worlds. This study contributes to that agenda by focusing on the influence of physical attributes of a virtual setting and gender on verbal behavior expressed by mixed-gender dyads in a virtual world. Computerized text analyses revealed linguistic differences as a function of both the physical and social complexity of virtual settings and gender. The latter differences included both quantitative and qualitative features of written communication. These results add important new discoveries to the literature on virtual psychology and highlight the value of using text analysis tools to investigate virtual interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3489
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
StatePublished - Jun 11 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Gender differences
  • Linguistic analysis
  • Social context
  • Social interaction
  • Spatial cues
  • Virtual environments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • General Psychology


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