Comparing measures of general and abdominal adiposity as predictors of blood pressure in college students

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare anthropometric measures of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) as predictors of blood pressure in college students. Participants: Students (N = 116) were recruited from November 2012 to May 2014 at an urban university and rural community colleges. Methods: Students underwent a brief physical examination during which anthropometric measures were obtained and blood pressure was measured. Covariates were measured using self-reported questionnaires. Hierarchical multiple linear regressions were used for the data analysis. Results: All anthropometric measures were predictive of systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). WC was the strongest predictor of SBP (β =.582, p <.01) explaining an additional 3–4% of the variance than BMI, WHtR, or SAD. The measures were similar in predicting DBP. WC predicted SBP independent of BMI. Conclusions: Clinicians should consider using WC to assess the risk for hypertension in college students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of American College Health
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Taylor & Francis.

Keywords

  • Abdominal adiposity
  • blood pressure
  • body mass index (BMI)
  • college students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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