Comparison of multiple single-use, pulse-dose trace mineral products provided as injectable, oral drench, oral paste, or bolus on circulating and liver trace mineral concentrations of beef steers

Trey D. Jackson, Remy N. Carmichael, Erin L. Deters, Elizabeth M. Messersmith, Katherine R. VanValin, Daniel D. Loy, Stephanie L. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective was to determine effects of various trace mineral products on steer plasma and liver trace mineral concentrations. Materials and Methods: Fifty-six trace mineral adequate Angus-cross steers (303 ± 15.2 kg; n = 8 per treatment) were sorted by BW and administered treatments on d 0: injectable saline (CON), injectable Multimin90 (ITM), Mineral Max Drench (MMD), Mineral Max Paste (MMP), Starting Fluid Drench (SFD), Se365 bolus (Se365), or Reloader250 bolus (Rel250). Steers received a common diet (silage-based diet d 0–49; corn-based diet d 50–122), and individual feed disappearance was recorded. Plasma (0, 8, 24, and 48 h) and liver (−7, 2, 15, 29, 49, 65, 91, and 120 d) were analyzed for Cu, Mn, Se, and Zn. Results and Discussion: Plasma Zn, Mn, and Se concentrations were affected by treatment × time (P = 0.001); steers given ITM had greater concentrations through 8 h for Zn and 24 h for Mn and Se versus other treatments. Liver Se concentration was greater in ITM versus other treatments through d 15, but Rel250 was greater than ITM and MMP on d 91 and greater than CON, MMD, MMP, and SFD on d 120 (treatment × time; P ≤ 0.001). Liver Mn, Zn, and Cu were affected by time (P ≤ 0.001), where liver Mn concentrations were least on d 2 and increased over time but liver Zn concentrations were greatest on d 2 and least on d 29 to 120. Implications and Applications: Single-use, pulse-dose products increased circulating trace minerals most quickly as an injection (increasing plasma Mn, Se, Zn) compared with other treatments, whereas liver Se concentrations were increased by injection (through d 29) and Rel250 (by d 91).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Animal Science
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists

Keywords

  • cattle
  • copper
  • manganese
  • selenium
  • zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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