Comparison of the subsite specificity of the mammalian neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (enkephalinase) to the bacterial neutral endopeptidase thermolysin

L. B. Hersh, K. Morihara

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85 Scopus citations

Abstract

A comparison has been made of the specificity of the mammalian neutral metalloendopeptidase, endopeptidase 24.11, with that of the bacterial neutral metalloendopeptidase thermolysin. A series of synthetic oligopeptides which have previously been studied as substrates for thermolysin and used in computer modeling were examined as substrates for the mammalian enzyme. It was foundthat P1, P2, and P'3 subsite interactions in the mammalian enzyme, although similar to those found in thermolysin, are less restrictive spatially and are considerably less dependent on hydrophobic interactions. This difference was maximally expressed with the synthetic substrate dansyl-D-alanylglycylnitrophenylalanylglycine which is a substrate for the mammalian enzyme, but not for the bacterial enzyme. A comparison of substrates in the free acid form with their corresponding amides showed that binding to the mammalian enzyme is dependent in part on an ionic interaction between the substrate carboxylate group and the enzyme. Such an ionic interaction was not observed with the bacterial enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6433-6437
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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