Transesophageal color flow Doppler imaging of mitral mechanical prostheses is now widely used. This method eliminates the frequent problems of acoustic shadowing and flow masking that are commonly seen with a transthoracic Doppler study of mechanical mitral prostheses. Transesophageal color flow Doppler imaging was performed postoperatively in seven patients who had received St. Jude Medical mitral prostheses (St. Jude Medical, Inc., St. Jude, Minnesota) and in six patients who received Medtronic Hall mitral valves (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota). Maximal systolic regurgitant jet length and area determinations were obtained in all patients. A comparison of maximal jet lengths and areas for each type of mechanical prosthesis demonstrated that the Medtronic Hall prostheses produced longer maximal jet lengths (p = 0.0001) and larger jet areas (p = 0.0009) than those produced by the St. Jude Medical mitral valves. Medtronic Hall prostheses produce a large centrally directed jet, whereas St. Jude Medical prostheses typically generate three smaller jets. Recognition of these differences in transesophageal color flow Doppler images in these commonly used cardiac valve prostheses is necessary to avoid misinterpretation of the normally large systolic regurgitant jet of the Medtronic Hall prosthesis as representing prosthetic dysfunction.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine