Comparison of Xenogeneic Collagen Matrix vs. Free Gingival Grafts to Increase the Zone of Keratinized Mucosa Around Functioning Implants

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    18 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Purpose:To evaluate the effectiveness of collagen matrix (CM) grafts as an alternative to free gingival grafts (FGGs) in increasing the zone of keratinized tissue (KT) around dental implants.Methods:Thirty subjects with 2 contralateral implants were recruited. The test group (n = 30) received CM grafts. The control group (n = 30) received FGGs. Clinical variables were plaque index, gingival index, probing depths, bleeding on probing (BOP), and mucosal recession (MR). Subjects were followed at 1 and 2 weeks and 1, 3, and 6 months.Results:FGGs resulted in mean gains (3.73 ± 1.93 mm) in KT for 28 of 30 implants (93% success rate). CM grafts resulted in mean gains (3.23 ± 1.52 mm) in KT for 29 of the 30 implants (97% success rate). Mean change in pocket depth around implants grafted with FGG was-0.24 ± 1.02 mm and with CM was-0.25 ± 0.80 mm. Mean change in BOP around implants grafted with FGG was 0.03 ± 0.49 and with CM was 0.13 ± 0.57.Conclusion:CM grafts achieved results comparable to those of FGGs in augmented tissue. They do not negatively affect probing depths, MR, or bleeding on probing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20-27
    Number of pages8
    JournalImplant Dentistry
    Volume28
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

    Keywords

    • Gingiva
    • autologous
    • implant
    • keratin
    • transplantation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oral Surgery

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