Comparison of Xenogeneic Collagen Matrix vs. Free Gingival Grafts to Increase the Zone of Keratinized Mucosa Around Functioning Implants

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose:To evaluate the effectiveness of collagen matrix (CM) grafts as an alternative to free gingival grafts (FGGs) in increasing the zone of keratinized tissue (KT) around dental implants.Methods:Thirty subjects with 2 contralateral implants were recruited. The test group (n = 30) received CM grafts. The control group (n = 30) received FGGs. Clinical variables were plaque index, gingival index, probing depths, bleeding on probing (BOP), and mucosal recession (MR). Subjects were followed at 1 and 2 weeks and 1, 3, and 6 months.Results:FGGs resulted in mean gains (3.73 ± 1.93 mm) in KT for 28 of 30 implants (93% success rate). CM grafts resulted in mean gains (3.23 ± 1.52 mm) in KT for 29 of the 30 implants (97% success rate). Mean change in pocket depth around implants grafted with FGG was-0.24 ± 1.02 mm and with CM was-0.25 ± 0.80 mm. Mean change in BOP around implants grafted with FGG was 0.03 ± 0.49 and with CM was 0.13 ± 0.57.Conclusion:CM grafts achieved results comparable to those of FGGs in augmented tissue. They do not negatively affect probing depths, MR, or bleeding on probing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalImplant Dentistry
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Jin Xie, Kedai Cheng, and David Akers for their help in statistical analysis. This study was partially funded by Luitpold Pharma ceuticals, Inc. J. Vellis and A. Kutkut contributed equally to this work.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Keywords

  • Gingiva
  • autologous
  • implant
  • keratin
  • transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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