Compulsory treatment for drug abuse

Carl G. Leukefeld, Frank M. Tims

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Using research which shows treatment to be effective in reducing intravenous drug abuse, and the importance of retention in treatment as a determinant of outcome, compulsory treatment is examined and a set of policy and research recommendations are developed. Particularly, civil commitment and court diversion programs are reviewed for their potential impact on reducing the number of intravenous drug abusers at risk for contracting and transmitting the AIDS virus. Recommendations include the provision of: effective methods for detecting drug abusers, appropriate legal protections, systems linkages, treatment, and recognition that drug dependence is chronic. It is also suggested that available treatments such as methadone maintenance be used by the criminal justice system for referrals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-640
Number of pages20
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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