Conflict of interest

Tessa London, Robert Marlo F. Bautista, Avinash S. Bhakta, Vanessa Bazan, Joseph B. Zwischenberger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


A conflict of interest (COI) involves subjecting professional judgment to secondary interests. Influence from industry, funding, hospital administration, and the patient’s family, all risk creating complex COI. Surgeons must stay current with new technology as evidence accumulates and their skill sets evolve, necessitating a close understanding and relationship with industry. This relationship may extend to industry funding of scientific studies that guide best practices. External and increasingly internal funding sources both direct and indirect can influence income, research, medical education, and patient management. Additionally, discordance between the surgeon’s determination of the best therapeutic intervention (brand/treatments/procedures) and the hospital administration’s perception of the most fiscally responsible intervention is growing. Finally, we examine the role of family member influence on treatment decisions and how that may create COI for the surgeon.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioethical Controversies in Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783030356606
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.


  • Competing interests
  • Conflict of interest
  • Industry conflict of interest
  • Medical administration
  • Personal benefit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)
  • Arts and Humanities (all)


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