Connection between poly-β-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis and growth on C1 and C2 compounds in the methylotroph Methylobacterium extorquens AM1

N. Korotkova, M. E. Lidstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several DNA regions containing genes involved in poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) biosynthesis and degradation and also in fatty acid degradation were identified from genomic sequence data and have been characterized in the serine cycle facultative methylotroph Methylobacterium extorquens AM1. Genes involved in PHB biosynthesis include those encoding β-ketothiolase (phaA), NADPH-linked acetoacetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) reductase (phaB), and PHB synthase (phaC). phaA and phaB are closely linked on the chromosome together with a third gene with identity to a regulator of PHB granule-associated protein, referred to as orf3. phaC was unlinked to phaA and phaB. Genes involved in PHB degradation include two unlinked genes predicted to encode intracellular PHB depolymerases (depA and depB). These genes show a high level of identity with each other at both DNA and amino acid levels. In addition, a gene encoding β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (hbd) was identified. Insertion mutations were introduced into depA, depB, phaA, phaB, phaC, and hbd and also in a gene predicted to encode crotonase (croA), which is involved in fatty acid degradation, to investigate their role in PHB cycling. Mutants in depA, depB, hbd, and croA all produced normal levels of PHB, and the only growth phenotype observed was the inability of the hbd mutant to grow on β-hydroxybutyrate. However, the phaA, phaB, and phaC mutants all showed defects in PHB synthesis. Surprisingly, these mutants also showed defects in growth on C1 and C2 compounds and, for phaB, these defects were rescued by glyoxylate supplementation. These results suggest that β-hydroxybutyryl-CoA is an intermediate in the unknown pathway that converts acetyl-CoA to glyoxylate in methylotrophs and Streptomyces spp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1038-1046
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume183
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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