Content-Based Detection of Temporal Metadata Manipulation

Rafael Padilha, Tawfiq Salem, Scott Workman, Fernanda A. Andaló, Anderson Rocha, Nathan Jacobs

Research output: Working paperPreprint


Most pictures shared online are accompanied by a temporal context (i.e., the moment they were taken) that aids their understanding and the history behind them. Claiming that these images were captured in a different moment can be misleading and help to convey a distorted version of reality. In this work, we present the nascent problem of detecting timestamp manipulation. We propose an end-to-end approach to verify whether the purported time of capture of an image is consistent with its content and geographic location. The central idea is the use of supervised consistency verification, in which we predict the probability that the image content, capture time, and geographical location are consistent. We also include a pair of auxiliary tasks, which can be used to explain the network decision. Our approach improves upon previous work on a large benchmark dataset, increasing the classification accuracy from 59.03% to 81.07%. Finally, an ablation study highlights the importance of various components of the method, showing what types of tampering are detectable using our approach.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
StatePublished - Mar 8 2021


  • cs.CV
  • cs.LG


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