Contextual differences in substance use for rural appalachian treatment-seeking women

Lisa M. Shannon, Jennifer R. Havens, Allison Mateyoke-Scrivner, Robert Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine differences in substance use among a sample of women entering treatment from rural Appalachian and non-Appalachian areas. Participants: A total of 2,786 women participating in state-funded substance abuse treatment programs statewide. Measures: Substance use measures were based on the SAMHSA CSAT Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) gathering information on lifetime and past 12-month use of alcohol, marijuana, opiates, sedatives/tranquilizers, cocaine, and stimulants. Results: Women entering treatment in rural Appalachia had disproportionately high rates of opiate and sedative/tranquilizer use while methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana, and alcohol were more prevalent for women in non-Appalachian areas. Conclusions: Women entering treatment in rural Appalachia were significantly more likely to report opiate and sedative/tranquilizer use compared to non-Appalachian women. In order to begin to understand the elevated rates of prescription drug abuse in rural Appalachian Kentucky, substance use must be considered within the context of demographic, geographic, social, and economic conditions of the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-62
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the Kentucky Department for Mental Health and Mental Retardation Services, Kentucky Division of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (PI: Robert Walker).


  • Rural Appalachia
  • Substance use
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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