Continuum pumping of [Fe II] in the Orion Nebula

E. M. Verner, D. A. Verner, J. A. Baldwin, G. J. Ferland, P. G. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


This paper presents detailed comparisons between numerical simulations of Fe II emission spectra and recent high-resolution and signal-to-noise spectra of the Orion Nebula. We have identified 40 [Fe II] lines in the spectrum, allowing extensive comparisons between theory and observations. The identifications are based on predictions of a realistic model of the Fe II atom, which includes the lowest 371 levels (all levels up to 11.6 eV). We investigate the dependence of the spectrum on electron density and on pumping by the stellar continuum. Orion is important because it provides a relatively simple environment in which to test complex simulations. We have identified the pumping routes that are responsible for the observed emission. Our theoretical model of Fe II emission is in good agreement with the observational data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-839
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART 1
StatePublished - Nov 10 2000


  • Atomic data
  • H II regions
  • ISM: individual (Orion Nebula)
  • Line: formation
  • line: identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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